The Alimony Reform Act of 2011 established three types of special purpose, limited duration alimony in Massachusetts in addition to General Term Alimony.
General Term Alimony is alimony paid to an economically dependent spouse and the Act sets out durational limits for that are linked to the length of the marriage.
1. Rehabilitative Alimony: The purpose of Rehabilitative Alimony is to provide support for a limited period, in anticipation of the recipient spouse becoming economically self-sufficient. The payment period for this type of alimony would not exceed five years.
2. Reimbursement Alimony: The purpose of Reimbursement Alimony is to compensate the recipient spouse for economic or non-economic contribution to the financial resources of the payor spouse, such as enabling the payor spouse to complete an education or job training. This type of alimony would apply only to marriages of not more than five years; would be paid either periodically or in a one-time payment; and would be non-modifiable.
3. Transitional Alimony: The purpose of Transitional Alimony is the "transitioning" of the recipient spouse "to an adjusted lifestyle or location as a result of the divorce." This type of alimony would apply only to marriages of not more than five years; would be paid either periodically or in a one-time payment; would not continue for more than three years from the date of the parties' divorce; and would be non-modifiable.
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