The earned income tax credit is a benefit for working people with low and moderate incomes. To qualify, taxpayers must meet certain requirements and file a tax return, even if they don't owe any tax or aren't required to file. Here are some things taxpayers should know about the EITC:
It's Important to Review Eligibility
- Taxpayers who worked and earned less than $53,930 may qualify.
- Filers should review EITC eligibility rules if their household income or family situation has changed. They may qualify for EITC this year, even if they didn't in the past.
- Taxpayers must file a federal income tax return claiming the credit. This is true even if a taxpayer isn't otherwise required to file a tax return.
Taxpayers Should Understand the Rules Before They Claim EITC
- Taxpayers who are married and file a separate return don't qualify for the EITC.
- Filers must have a Social Security number valid for employment for themselves, their spouse if they're married, and any qualifying child listed on their tax return.
- Taxpayers must have earned income. This may include earnings from working for someone else as an employee or being self-employed.
- Filers may be married or single, and with or without qualifying children to qualify. For a child to qualify, they must have lived with the taxpayer for more than six months in 2017. In addition, the child must meet the age, residency, relationship and joint return rules to qualify. Filers who don't have children must also meet the age, residency and dependency rules.
- U.S. Armed Forces members serving in a combat zone have special rules that apply.
The Credit Can Lower Tax Owed or Result in a Refund
The EITC could be worth up to $6,318 for qualified taxpayers.