Contested or Uncontested
“Contested” means that one person disagrees with the divorce or the terms of the divorce. “Uncontested” means that both people agree about everything they file.
Fault or No-fault
1A or 1B : No fault divorce
There are 2 kinds of “irretrievable breakdown” divorces. They’re often called “1A” and “1B,” which refers to the section of the law where they’re found, M.G.L. c. 208.
The most common approach is no-fault based on an irretrievable breakdown of the marriage. There are 2 options for a no-fault divorce.
- File a “1A” divorce when both spouses agree that the marriage has irretrievably broken down and they have reached a written agreement about child support, parenting time, alimony, child custody, and dividing marital assets. This is an uncontested no-fault divorce.
- File a “1B” divorce when one spouse believes there is an irretrievable breakdown of the marriage or both spouses believe the marriage has ended but they aren’t in agreement about custody, support, or marital property issues. This is a contested no-fault divorce. If you and your spouse are able to come to an agreement, you can file a request to change the divorce complaint from a 1B to a 1A divorce.
In a fault divorce, the person asking for the divorce must prove specific ground(s) or reason(s) for the divorce. These grounds are listed in M.G.L. c. 208, s. 1:
- Gross and confirmed habits of intoxication
- Cruel and abusive treatment
- A prison sentence of 5 or more years
The fault divorce process can be more time-consuming and expensive than a no-fault divorce.
Should you be in the midst of a divorce or contemplating divorce, contact the Law Offices of Renee Lazar at 978-844-4095 to schedule a FREE one hour no obligation consultation.